April 2021

Thinking about remodeling your outdoor patio, basement, or garage, however, aren't sure where to start? Why not start from the ground up! Transform your stained, broken concrete flooring into something you can be proud of. Covering unsightly concrete with a light, reflective color is a fantastic way to revamp a dull, dirty space.

The internet is limitless with DIY techniques and materials to coat concrete, but which alternative is right for your home? Let us assist you to browse the ins and outs (and even some of the science-- for all you home improvement nerds) of concrete coatings!

Kinds of Coatings-- How Do They Compare?

Paint (acrylic latex & 1-part epoxy paints).
If you're looking for a DIY flooring coating on a budget plan, using traditional acrylic latex paint on your concrete floor is a simple, no-fuss choice. Don't anticipate toughness or high quality from this product, however, it will keep your garage and basement flooring dust-free.

The second kind of floor paint more typically utilized on concrete is 1-part epoxy paint. This is your basic latex paint with a small amount of epoxy combined in, developing a more powerful bond that follows surfaces better than traditional floor paint. This one is slightly more costly, but lasts longer and boasts better waterproofing power.

Pros: Cheapest option, easy application process (much easier to DIY), fast-drying, is available in a variety of colors.
Cons: Stains easily, offers the least protection and sturdiness, susceptible to cracking, peeling, and hot tire pickup, usually limited to indoor use (not suggested for outside and high-traffic locations).
Life expectancy: 6 months-- 1 year in a moderately trafficked area.

Epoxy Coatings.
Not to be confused with latex floor paint or 1-part epoxy paint, an epoxy coating is a 2-part system that cures instead of dries. Two-component materials-- epoxy resin and polyamine hardener-- integrate in a chain reaction to develop a more powerful, thicker product than paint. Epoxy coatings are a popular and "basic" concrete flooring covering choice for numerous indoor and outside areas.

Pros: More resilient than floor paints, waterproof, chemical and stain-resistant, anti-dusting, produce a non-slip surface.
Cons: Installation time is longer (takes multiple days to cure), fading happens (not UV stable), bad flexibility, remaining smell as it remedies, require warmer temperatures to completely cure, more expensive.
Lifespan: 2-7 years, depending on surface traffic.

Polyurea Concrete Coatings.

As an alternative to epoxy, polyurea concrete coatings have produced rather a buzz in the last several years because of their fast-curing, versatile, incredibly durable, and non-fading qualities! You can cover virtually any high-traffic surface area with these industrial-strength coatings-- from garages, patios, basements, driveways, workplaces, schools, restaurants, and factory floors! Polyurea is likewise 100% UV steady (unlike epoxy), so it never fades or yellows and does not end up being so hot that it peels or delaminates.

Pros: Does NOT peel, chip, or crack, 4x stronger than epoxy, practical and non-intrusive (one-day installation!), 100% UV steady, versatile for greater impact resistance, low-odor, and low-VOCs, diverse colors and finishes to choose from.
Cons: Costs more than other coatings, needs a professional (DIY is not a choice).
Life-span: a minimum of 15 years.

Some house enhancements CAN NOT be done without the proficiency and tools of a professional. Prior to you invest money on a low-cost epoxy kit from the huge box store. 

We recommend going with a company such as ArmorThane if you are interested in any of these floor choices.

One garage flooring option that has actually created rather a buzz in the industry the last few years is polyurea/polyaspartic floor coatings. This reasonably brand-new coating has actually ended up being the latest preferred for installers as an alternative to epoxy. It has created some confusion for the property owner also. The fast curing ability of this system is being billed as the "Holy Grail" of flooring coatings and is advertised as the best of everything that a coating can do.

So if it's not an epoxy, what is it precisely and why would you desire it on your garage floor? Let's decipher the confusion about polyurea and polyaspartic flooring coatings and see why lots of garage floor covering companies are pushing this brand-new item.

Without getting too technical, Polyurea is a subgroup of polyurethane. It is formed when isocyanates respond with water or polyetheramines to produce a urea linkage. Like epoxy, it is a 2-part part that blends resin with a driver to cause the treating response that makes the material hard.

It has low to no VOC's and has an elongation rate that goes beyond 300%, making it much more flexible than epoxy. It is commonly utilized for spray-on bed liners, interior pipeline coating, liquid containment lining and numerous other commercial applications such as tunnel coatings and fillers for joints. Because of its exceptionally quick treatment rate (less than 5 seconds and totally difficult in less than 5 minutes), many polyureas need customized equipment for application.

Polyaspartic is a type of aliphatic polyurea. To estimate Bayer Material Science:

" By definition, a polyaspartic is an aliphatic polyurea since it is the reaction of an aliphatic polyisocyanate with a polyaspartic ester-- which is an aliphatic diamine".

What polyaspartics do is dominate the difficulties of the extremely fast remedy rate of polyurea in order to use the coating in a more conventional manner, with a longer pot life of 5 to 120 minutes depending on the formula.

So in essence, all polyaspartics are polyurea, however not all polyureas are polyaspartic. So to minimize the confusion, this indicates that when you see a garage floor coating or set being marketed as a polyurea, or a polyurea polyaspartic, it is truly some solution of a polyaspartic coating.

Now that we've covered these eye numbing descriptions, what does it imply for you? The two biggest advantages of a polyaspartic or polyurea garage floor coating are temperature and time.

Unlike epoxy, a polyaspartic coating can be applied in temperatures as low as -30 F to as high as 140F depending on the formulation. That indicates you do not need to wait till spring or summertime to coat your garage floor if you reside in a chillier environment.

Typical polyurea and polyaspartic floor coatings are applied in just two coats; the first being both the primer and color coat and the 2nd being the clear coat. Because of their fast cure rates, a total floor covering system can be set up in one day and returned to service the next. This implies that you will not have to do without your garage for 3-4 days like you would for a full epoxy system.

There are numerous other benefits to a polyurea/polyaspartic floor coating as well. These consist of:

100% U.V. stability-- they will never ever yellow.
Crystal clear surface that will not blush from wetness in the concrete.
Similar high abrasion and scratch resistance to polyurethane.
High tolerance to heat, indicating hot tire pick up is a non-issue.
High movie build-up that can be managed by the applicator.
High gloss surface
High solids material with little to no VOC's in the majority of applications.
High stain and chemical resistance. This consists of salts for winter environments.
Good versatility for greater impact resistance.
Outstanding wetting characteristics allowing for great penetration into the concrete for a strong bond.
Decreased opportunity of bubbles from outgassing due to the faster remedy rate.


Though a polyaspartic or polyurea flooring system does have some terrific benefits, there are some other aspects to think about before you decide if this is the best system for you.

The very first is expense. To have it professionally installed will cost approximately $2 to $3 more per square foot than a comparable epoxy and polyurethane system.

It is likewise not one of the most easy-to-use "do it yourself" installations and needs a minimum of two people to apply. Depending upon the formula of the polyaspartic, the average pot life is just 20 to 25 minutes. This can be extremely challenging if you haven't done a flooring coating prior to. Likewise, the products alone can cost nearly two times as much as epoxy.

Something to bear in mind is that like epoxy, not all polyaspartics are developed equal. A few of the DIY packages that are being offered are not of the same quality as the more professional variations. So search and compare if you want to set up a garage floor coating yourself. The formulations are different and included a lower solids material in order to lengthen the pot life. Grinding the concrete is likewise the advised flooring preparation.

While polyurea/ polyaspartic coatings are not affected by water or humidity when completely cured, humidity throughout setup can cause the coating to cure a lot more rapidly and ought to be monitored prior to setup.

There are now more recent single-part polyurea garage flooring coatings offered that are extremely easy to use. They have and unrestricted pot life and outstanding protection. Learn more about single-part polyurea here.

Another factor to consider is that if you are a routine garage mechanic, polyaspartics do not stand as well to battery acids like epoxy and polyurethane does. They likewise can be extremely slippery when wet. If you are not applying full paint chips to add texture, it is advisable to add a slip resistant aggregate into the topcoat to increase the anti-slip properties of the coating.

One of the greatest factors that expert installers are providing polyaspartic flooring coatings is to sell the advantage of being without your garage for just a day. An excellent installer can prep your concrete and install your coating in as low as 6-- 8 hours. You can be moving your valuables back into the garage before the day is done and park your automobile in it the next. This can be a substantial benefit for people who can't lack their garage for 3 or 4 days.

If you require to have a garage floor coating installed in less than perfect temperature levels or require the benefit of being without your garage for only a day, then a professionally installed polyurea or polyaspartic flooring coating might be simply what you require. It is an excellent garage floor covering alternative if the expense remains in the spending plan.

The Very Best Polyurea?
First, let me say that Legacy Industrial is a stand-up company with exceptional customer service and excellent products. If I was not in this organization, they are likely who I would source product from. The function of this article is not to knock them or their item but to set out a clear set of differences in the two items.

The simple truth is this. If you were to purchase a single can of NOHR-S or our AWF Polyurea and spread it on the exact same floor at the exact same thickness, you would not see any difference in efficiency or appearance. If you were to examine the specifications and security data, you would have a tough time distinguishing between them. So how can we state our Polyurea is the best polyurea garage floor coating? If we were simply talking about a gallon versus a gallon, we could not.

The Very Best Polyurea Garage Flooring Coating Kits.
As previously stated, the response remains in the math. Let's start with the Polyurea itself.

Both products are 70% solids by volume. This suggests if you took 1 gallon of either and spread it over 100 square feet you would have a damp film of about 16 Mils. When it drys, you lose 30% of that-- 70% solids indicates 30% goes away-- so you are left with a dry film of 11.2 Mils. For the sake of simple math, we will call it 11 Mils. At a spread rate of 200 Sq. Ft. per gallon that implies you get 5.5 Mils per coat and after 2 coats you are back at 11 Mils.

So how thick does Polyurea require to be? We postured that concern to the technical liaison who works for the facility that formulates much of the Polyurea you see on the market. He did not hesitat ® e. The response was about 4 Mils per coat with a minimum of 2 coats-- with at least one of those coats being clear.

Let's break down 2 kits.
Let's take a 750 square foot garage. The All-Weather Floors set we offer includes 4 gallons per coat. That exercises to a spread rate of 195 sq. ft. per gallon. But for the sake of simple mathematics lets state 200 Sq. Ft. per gallon in reality it would be a bit thicker. based upon the info above that indicates you have more than 11 Mils of Polyurea on your floor when you are done.

Nohr-S ® has a kit that fits the range as well. They include 3 gallons per coat or roughly 25% less material. That corresponds to a spread rate of 250 Sq. Ft per gallon. That relates to a mil thickness of 4.2 Mils per coat or 8.4 Mils of Polyurea on the flooring. Nohr-S has a net Polyurea thickness of roughly 25% thinner based upon their marketed packages.

But how does that price out? To be reasonable I backed the guide out of the NORH-S coating and added in the anti-skid. That evaluated to $1153. Our set prices out to $1146. For roughly the exact same rate (a little less) we are providing 25% more polyurea. However there are other distinctions too:.

Our set includes high-end roller covers at no additional charge. Our package includes 7.5 pounds of flake while theirs consists of 4. Our set includes what totals up to about 4 pounds of anti-skid and from what we can inform theirs includes 1.

It is flat out that simple. Apples to apples our sets include more polyurea, more flake, and the roller covers you need for the same or less cash.

However what about primer?
Keep in mind to keep all things equivalent, we backed the guide out of our system. Primers are thin, water-based epoxy items. We would be happy to include some to your set however based upon our experience and our discussions with the people that make the resins, in the large majority of cases you are way better off with more polyurea.


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